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Wuyishan Tea Growing Region

Wuyishan Tea Growing Region
March 4, 2015 No comments

Wuyishan, also known as Wuyi Mountain, is a famous tea growing region in China. The area is specialized in impressive Wuyi oolong and black teas.

Even though the Wuyi mountain ranges are located in both Fujian and Jiangxi province, it's mainly Fujian that has a long history of tea cultivation. A noteworthy fact is that Wuyishan has been classified as a world natural and cultural heritage site by UNESCO since 1999. The highest point of the mountain is 2158 m (7080 ft) and lies on the border of Fujian and Jiangxi, making it the highest point in both provinces. This region is really all about growing tea. There is a famous list of '10 strange things in Wuyishan', and the top three are all tea related. That says a lot.

Note: Oolong teas produced in this region are also called 'yancha' (literally translated: rock tea).

Geology & Tea Classification

The region is characterized formations of large fault structures due to past volcanic activity. Thousands of years of natural erosion has resulted in a picturesque landscape characterized by winding rivers, cliffs and caves. The red-colored soil is exceptionally fertile, which is beneficial to the magnificent taste of the tea from this area. Geology is of such importance that oolong teas from this region (yancha) are classified based on growing location. Read this article about the different wu yi source tea classes.

Wuyishan Climate

The mountainous area naturally protects against the cold air from the northwest while it retains the warm and humid air from the sea coming from the east. Due to this, the region has a relatively moist climate with humidity levels between 80-85% and high rainfall between 2200-3200 millimeters. Appearance of fog is common. See the below table for average daily min/max temperatures and rainfall per month.

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Average Max Temp (C) 13 15 18 24 28 30 34 33 31 27 21 16
Average Min Temp (C) 5 6 10 15 19 22 24 24 21 16 11 6
Average Daily Rainfall 86 101 198 234 253 451 198 152 73 50 73 57

UNESCO World Heritage

According to UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific Cultural Organisation), Wuyishan is a magnificent region with a biodiversity of flora and fauna with picturesque scenery of Nine Bend River. When it comes to teal, the site of historical importance as there is evidence of tea cultivation for the imperial family in the 11th to 16th century.

Wuyishan Tours: When to Visit

While the weather really matters when you travel, you really don't want to miss the main attraction: tea cultivation. If you're a tea enthusiast, then visit Wuyishan between March and July each year. To be even more specific: if you love black tea, you should visit in March. The tea production of Wu Yi oolong tea starts later, and the ideal month to visit is May if you want to see the plucking. However, if you would like to buy some fresh yancha, then visit in June or July. Keep in mind that the average expected rainfall in June is not favourable.

No matter when you visit, many tea tours are available year round. There are also also English tea tours available, offered at the airport and in every single hotel. If you would like to learn about Wuyi mountain tea, you could inform for trainings & tasting sessions as well as demonstrations.

If your main goals is to taste, learn and source tea. Then contact us. We know English speaking local guides, drivers who can show you around wuyishan and connect you with tea farmers. For more information please visit this page: wuyishan tour.

Source:

UNESCO: http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/911

World Weather Online: http://www.worldweatheronline.com/Wuyishan-weather...