Gaiwan vs Yixing Guide

Gaiwan vs Yixing Guide

Porcelain gaiwans and Yixing teapots are definitely the most popular tools to gongfu brew Chinese tea. If you're planning to invest in such teaware, make sure to read this guide first! You'll learn everything you need to know for a more informed buying decision.

In fact, gaiwans and Yixing pots aren’t really enemies. They’re friends who have one thing in common: an endless thirst for good tea. However, they both have their strengths and weaknesses, and by learning about them, you’ll find out what’s the ideal vessel for your tea.

Look how peaceful the lazy tiger (on teapot) and the fishes (on gaiwan) look together in the picture below :)

gaiwan vs yixing

In this guide, we’re going to compare these two tea tools based on the materials used. This will be followed by a discussion on which teas are the most suitable for each type of teaware. Afterwards, you’ll learn more about the steeping and tasting experience of gaiwans versus Yixing teapots. We’ll then end this guide with a short note on pricing and some final tips.

Material: Yixing Zisha vs Porcelain


The material is probably the most significant factor in comparing teaware. Yixing ceramics are made from zisha clay (also called Yixing clay). The porous nature of the clay allows it to absorb a tiny bit of tea with every single use. And over time, this will allow the teapot to enhance the flavors and aromas. Though this sounds great, the downside of this is that you should always dedicate your Yixing teapot to one kind of tea.

Also read:

8 Yixing Teapot Features You Should Know About

On the other hand, gaiwans are generally made from porcelain (or another type of ceramic). Porcelain is very dense and won’t affect the flavor of your teas at all. Therefore, you don’t have to dedicate one to a certain tea type.

Note: both teapots and gaiwans can be made from different material. However, in this comparison we narrow the scope to porcelain gaiwans and yixing teapots, because these are the types of teaware that are generally used for gongfu brewing.

Tea Appreciation: Which teas are suitable?

Now that you know about the features of Yixing clay versus porcelain, we could now look into the type of teas that are suitable.

Green, white and yellow teas

As we said above, the porcelain material of a gaiwan won’t affect the flavor of your tea. Thus, it’s suitable for any kind of tea. However, it’s especially popular as a steeping tool for green, yellow and white teas. That’s because these tea types have a light flavor with delicate aromas, which are less compatible with clay pots. For a better appreciation of these teas, a gaiwan will be your choice.

Oolong, black and pu erh teas

For oolong, black and pu erh tea. Gaiwans can still be a good idea, if you’re want to evaluate and compare teas. For instance, your tasting teas before you’re ready to buy. In such situation, you don’t want to be bias by a taste enhancing Yixing pot. In addition, Gaiwans have the advantage that you’ll be better able to observe the leaves inside. At last, another common tea appreciation practice is to smell the fragrance of tea from the lid after steeping.

Because gaiwans are great for tea appreciation, we highly recommend when you’re just in the beginning phase of learning about tea. Be patient with investing in your first Yixing steeper, as you still need to find out which teas you love the most. For that purpose, gaiwans are better teachers.

A gaiwan is also your preferred choice when you plan to steep herbal or artificially flavored & colored teas. You really don’t want your zisha pot to absorb those, as this will negatively affect other teas you steep after.

At last, with some more light oolong with a floral aroma such as the Tie Guan Yin, appreciating it in a gaiwan can also make more sense relative to Yixing teapots. Yet, opinions differ among tea lovers. Tie Guan Yin teas can benefit from the better heat isolation of Yixing teapots.

In any other situation, Yixing zisha teapots are superior. Given that you have the time to enjoy a full tea ceremony style gongfu brewing, which brings us to the next topic that you need to consider: time & steeping experience.

Time & Steeping

Drinking tea is a very personal experience. Some tea lovers like to take the time, while others plan quick tea sessions to get their daily tea fix. If time is your friend, then an Yixing teapots is the best option to go for if you own a tea table. Gongfu brewing with Yixings is fun, but it can become messy when you pour hot water over your zisha teapot. A tea table will catch the water and drain it through a small tube.

Seasoning & Raising an Yixing Teapot

Another reason why time is crucial is because a zisha teapot needs to seasoned first before use and afterwards it needs to be ‘raised’. Besides just using it regularly, you need to rinse and dry it with a soft cloth or brush it with a tea brush.

tea brush and tea cloth for raising yixing teapot

If the above sounds time consuming to you, then Yixing teaware probably isn’t something for you. If it sounds fun, then absolutely go for it.

Gaiwans are efficient steepers & but don't burn your hands!

Gaiwans are more efficient steeping tool. You can steep tea in a matter of seconds without the need for a tea table. The only things you’ll need is a pitcher (with a strainer) and a cup. However, if you plan to drink from the gaiwan, then you don’t need anything else. Though the tea might get bitter. But you can easily avoid this, steep it without the lid on and apply a lower water temperature. It’s kind of like drinking green tea in a straight glass.

A disadvantage that should be mentioned is that it’s easy to burn your hands while using a gaiwan. Especially if you’re unexperienced, There are simply on shortcuts when it comes to mastering a gaiwan, but the video will show you a few tips and tricks.

Pricing guide

Yixing teapots are available in many different prices, but don’t expect to find a good one below 150 USD in a retail store or below 50 USD when you buy it from us direct from China. We’ve been sourcing teapots in Yixing for many years, and our experience tells us that anything below that budget won’t be worth your money. We don’t like to call these ‘fake’, but it’s just that you’ve good and bad clay. And below that budget, the clay quality is rarely good.

So given that you’ll need to spend quite a significant amount of money on a zisha teapot and given that you’ll have to dedicate it to one tea type, an Yixing teapot will make tea appreciation a pretty expensive hobby. And as said you’ll even need to invest in a small tea table or buy this together as a Yixing tea set with a tea table included.

Yixing value appreciation

The good thing to know is that buying an Yixing teapot isn't like buying a car. The value of the teapot will increase over time, given that you take good care of it. Generally, owners of Chinese teapots serve tea to guests in teapots that they want to raise and resell at a higher value in the future. Of course, this might be less easy if you're not an owner of a teashop. And if you've developed a certain connection with your Yixing pottery, you won't let it go easily.

Gaiwans & affordability

If investing in Yixing sounds just way to excessive for you, then luckily gaiwans are pretty cheap. In our store, you buy a gaiwan online for just 15 USD!

What's important is that you should check the size of the gaiwan first before you buy. Most gaiwans in our online store will fit 160 ml / 5.4 oz, because we believe this is the best all-round size to go for.

If you're in a local tea shop, you'll also be able to check the density of the porcelain. This is important because cheap and light gaiwans might not maintain their shape well. There's no rule of thumb for this. If the lightness is due to the fact that the gaiwan is made very thin, this could still mean that it's good craftsmanship. However, a thick gaiwan that still feels like in the hand could mean trouble.


So to summarize, you should go for Yixing teapot if:

  • You’ll enjoy a full gongfu ceremony
  • If you’ve a tea table available
  • If your favorite brews are oolong, black and pu erh teas.
  • If you’ll enjoy raising an Yixing pot.
  • If you’ve the budget to buy and dedicate an Yixing teapot to different teas.

You should go for a gaiwan:

  • If you want a casual and efficient steeper.
  • If you generally drink green, yellow and/or white tea.
  • When you want to evaluate, appreciate and compare teas in their most neutral state.
  • If you don't want to dedicate teaware to specific teas and don't want to spend too much money on teaware.
April 17, 2016
August 16, 2016 at 11:33 PM
Hi there, a good comparison, thank you! It is interesting how different the opinions are towards Gaiwan. One question: Why does no one seem to think about porcelain teapots as alternatives to Gaiwans if a non-porous surface is required? Wouldn't that be even more functional, as a teapot can pour more precisely and can be showerd to control temperature? Thanks a lot for your opinion!
August 17, 2016 at 3:02 AM
Very good question. I think the main difference between gaiwans and porcelain teapots is that you're better able to observe the leaves during and after the brew. This is a tea appreciation aspect makes the gaiwan popular. You're right to say that a porcelain teapot could be rinsed to keep the temperature hot, and it's a valid benefit of using a teapot. I can imagine that some people who like to brew dark oolongs and pu erhs might turn to a porcelain teapot instead of a gaiwan. However, it would definitely get competition from Yixing teapots ;)
November 11, 2019 at 8:37 AM
I have been nervous about purchasing a yixing teapot online as there are so many knockoff versions, so I figured if I purchased one from a local, supposedly reputable shop I could be assured of the authenticity. The owners tell me they import directly from China and Japan, traveling there frequently. They say the pot is authentic yixing but I am now having doubts based on your articles. The pot is a double walled style where one can see through small windows in the exterior wall design to see the outer layer of the interior wall within. Are any authentic yixing pots made in this style? All of the photos you show are of fairly simple, unadorned designs. Additionally, there is a perforated clay sphere just inside the spout that acts as a sieve. Never having seen the interior of a real yixing I am not sure if this is normal. I took some pictures that I would be happy to provide. I would appreciate any advice you have - I am new to yixing use and culture and would love to ensure I'm using an authentic pot. Thank you in advance for your time and consideration.
November 11, 2019 at 10:18 AM
Hi Micheal, the key here is what you define to be 'authentic' and what is a 'knock off'. Would be authentic if it's made by quality clay? Would it be not authentic if some parts are made by using a mold (such as the filter in the spout)? And if the teapot isn't made by a certified artist, would you consider it a knock off? Does the design have to be unique? Or would a teapot made based on a classic design suffice? There's no perfect answer here. The most important is probably how you feel about the teapot. Do you like the looks/shape? Does it pour well? Does the tea taste better? You've to focus on these questions. Going to a tea shop is a good idea, because you can see and feel many teapots at once. In that aspect, it's certainly something an online tea store like us can't easily replicate. It doesn't hold us back though, as we do our best to provide clear pictures, which are sometimes complemented with a video. We are therefore grateful for many of those who do purchase a teapot through us. I'm curious about the teapot you both. Feel free to share it by sending an email to [email protected] We can inspect it and let you know our thoughts. If you want a good review, we need a picture of: 1. the inside of the lid, the outside of the lid, the teapot body, the inside bottom surface of the teapot, the inside holes of the spout, the bottom of the teapot. Looking forward to your message!
July 21, 2020 at 4:51 PM
Hi there, does tea generally taste better in a porcelain gaiwan vs a Ru Kiln Ruyao gaiwan?
July 21, 2020 at 4:52 PM
Hi Vera, with a porcelain gaiwan, it won't affect the flavor at all due to its density. With Ruyao the tea aroma may be absorbed into the ceramic over time, and this can somewhat affect flavor. However, it won't be in such a significant way as with Yixing clay. With ruyao, I would recommend to dedicate it only to either light or strong teas. E.g. if you steep often black tea in a Ruyao, it may not be great to use it for green tea. Green tea is much lighter, and the absorbed aroma of black tea may influence and cover the delicate aroma of green tea.